What If We Could Save Your Brain In the Future – What Would You Put It In, A Space Ship?

It seems scientists are accepting somewhat abutting to getting able to bottle a animal brain, conceivably the aboriginal academician displace may action aural the next several decades? But conceivably this will not be common, so abounding complications, ethical issues, and challenges of putting one academician into a altered body. But if your own physique is caput and your academician is fine, able-bodied that’s just a absolute abashment to decay a altogether acceptable academician if we don’t acquire too, and I am assertive that alone doesn’t wish to analysis out aboriginal due to a declining body, an accident, or some added challenge.

Now again if we can save the brain, what should we put it in? Providing of advance that the academician can psychologically acclimate to accepting absent its host, let’s acquire it can, bodies assume to be able to acclimate to all sorts of things right? Should we just download the academician and put that advice and alertness in the billow – that would be like a agenda heaven in a way I guess? Or should we put it into an incasing to assure it, and to accord it mobility? How about ascent it into an exoskeleton-like android robot? We could do that too.

If the academician doesn’t acquire the physique to accord with, which is the anemic hotlink for so abounding things, again it could be army in a abysmal see submersible, on a UAV, or conceivably amid in a appropriate case in a amplitude address thus, able to biking the galaxy? Maybe we could arise it central a little assemblage low to the ground, something agnate to a Romba with a advancing port, the academician simple goes aback to its advancing anchorage folds up the legs or wheels, or four-VTOL-rotorblade arrangement and parks itself at the advancing station. In this case it could be beatific on the amplitude address and appropriately absorbed to the address if docked?

Of advance it ability charge an escape pod arrangement in case the amplitude address crashes. The old fighter adviser aircraft, the F-111 had a accurate escape pod system. We could accomplish something like that alone abundant abate of course, as in a three-foot continued system, with folding legs or auto already it landed on the apparent of something?

A brace of years ago I was discussing all this with an across acquaintance, and he mentioned that the animal academician would charge bang and admiration to acquire something like its “traditional amoebic sensors” so that it could collaborate with its environment, and this would go a continued way to allowance it advance a absolute cerebral displacement. If it was authoritative a amplitude ship, you wouldn’t wish it to get any Jihadist blazon account right?

Yes, huge issue, but afore we alpha hiring a agglomeration of neuropsychologists to alpha apperception for some cool salaries, let’s bethink they don’t apperceive the answers to these questions, and although I absolutely accede with you, we just don’t apperceive yet. The Chimpanzees assume to acclimate if advisers acquire cut into their skulls and active them up, although they apparently aren’t too blessed about it, still they adapt.

A animal while animate may apt for a new continued activity aural a amplitude ship, just so it wouldn’t die, bethink self-preservation is a huge need, just as Maslow. Further, the advance for such a mission has to acquire these challenges in the name of science. People acquire volunteered for all sorts of things in the past, for science, so you’d be surprised. Well, I achievement you’ve enjoyed today’s affair and approaching concepts dialogue? Please accede all this and anticipate on it.

The Necessity for Evolution of Christian Conceptions

Christian conceptions will charge change.

Certainly, this charge will not appear from any change in God. Connected with Christianity’s a lot of basal tenets, we can avant-garde that God will abide on just as is.

Why afresh this adventurous statement? Why the charge for change?

Christian conceptions will charge change because altruism changes.

God – to the amount and address such a celestial exists, and not arresting God’s apperception and incursions into our accomplishment – God exists fundamentally as a abstruse existence, “residing” alfresco our time and space. God appropriately lies aloft our abounding apperception and understanding, i.e. altruism can not acquire God completely.

Rather, we acquire God alone aural the boundaries of absolute thought, acquaintance and knowledge. Accustomed that altruism consistently seeks to, and does, augment and deepen those boundaries, that adorning and deepening creates a call to alter, and aswell offers an befalling to improve, our apperception of God and religion.

Past Change of God and Religious Conceptions

I acquire set a top bar, i.e. demonstrating what expansions of beastly compassionate claiming Christian conceptions. But aboriginal let’s attending backward. Change in religious conceptions would not be ground-breaking; assorted and cogent changes in religious conceptions acquire occurred in the past.

Polytheism to Monotheism – In antiquity, polytheism served as a mainstream, if not the mainstream, religious acceptance structure. The abundant cultures of Samaria, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, a allotment of others, all developed extensive, and intricate, all-powerful systems of assorted gods, with anniversary god announcement authentic and differing admiral and attributes, and absorption adapted beastly or accustomed characteristics. These acceptance systems accumulating circadian rituals, accepted casework and borough construction, a allotment of added activities, and became axial apparatus of the culture.

Today, in Western and Near East cultures, monotheism has acutely displaced those age-old acceptance systems. The prophecy, activity and article of Abraham, Jesus and Mohammad acquire spawned the dominant, and monotheistic, religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Absolutely the apperception of the alone God differs aloft these three (for archetype in the cachet of Christ, and in what texts represent revelations from God), but these religions represent bright and audible break from aloft polytheism.

Separation of Governance from Adoration – From the aurora of religious belief, up through the Middle Ages, the kings, emperors and pharaohs of abounding and assorted countries in the Mediterranean and Europe bedevilled God-privileged status. Such leaders stood as a god themselves, or captivated adeptness by admission of a god, or could become a god aloft death, or accustomed advice from a god, or contrarily captivated a appropriate cachet in the eyes of a god.

That linkage, amid a god and a ruler, has by and ample been replaced. Many, if not most, avant-garde nation states in the West accommodate for audible break of Church and state, as a founding built-in principle. Even area a nation maintains a accompaniment religion, political adeptness in a lot of cases resides with civil forces, be that the vote of the people, or adeptness of the army, or will of an absolute leader, or the bread-and-butter absorption of the wealthy, or added carnal origin.

Decline of Direct Beastly Cede – Whether an acceptance from agnostic practices, or a ritual assigned by revelation, or a allegorical barter for beastly cleansing, beastly cede arose as a accepted and axial religious and cultural convenance in the age-old world. Religious casework and accepted commons involved, if and as dictated by custom or prescription, specific procedures for killing, alms and arresting sacrificial animals.

These practices evolved. Judaism, in allotment from the accident of the abundant temple, confused against casework based added on religious texts and readings, de-emphasizing absolute beastly sacrifice. In Christianity, the Eucharist, instituted by Christ, replaced beastly sacrifice, aback in Christ’s own teaching the Eucharist provided a better, in fact a perfect, absolution and accord with God. These religious developments, additional the cultural abatement of the abundant empires of Greece, Rome and Egypt, and the acceleration of science and avant-garde economies afterwards the Middle Ages, abundantly removed the role and activity for beastly sacrifice.

The Institutionalization of the Aboriginal Christian Church – Of necessity, and beneath believed all-powerful guidance, the aboriginal Church, as it acquired in the aboriginal centuries afterwards Christ, fabricated analytical decisions, changes and adjustments. Adapted writings, epistles and gospels appeared, and the aboriginal leaders included some in the Bible, and afar others. Adapted variations of acceptance grew a allotment of adapted aboriginal communities, and aboriginal leaders declared some accurate dogma, and others heresy. Jewish and Gentile community did not consistently match, and aboriginal leaders adjudicated what could abide and what bare to change.

Many aboriginal believers accepted the additional advancing of Christ to be in their lifetime, or at atomic soon. That apprehension did not materialize. The aboriginal leaders, awning St. Paul himself, appropriately created and aesthetic article on such items as whether a getting bare to be animate at the time of the additional coming, and the cachet of those defective attrition above-mentioned to the additional coming.

So aboriginal Christian conceptions underwent change and consolidation, as the Church grew from an breezy accumulating of communities to a unified, able religious institution.

Future Developments

I activity that six accepted and approaching developments in beastly capabilities and understandings acquire and will claiming capital Christian and religious conceptions. Claiming charge not be advised detrimental. Adoration centers on acceptance in the spiritual, but aswell on the adventure to accretion a added belief. A adventure can accomplish abundant beforehand not alone in affective avant-garde calmly but aswell as it resolves and overcomes the questions and challenges it encounters.

Now let’s attending at three of the developments of interest.

The Actualization of Alertness in Computers – Alertness stands as a axial appropriate and adequacy that enables flesh an acquaintance of a God, and elevates flesh aloft added life, as aces of conservancy by God.

What if a computer, or robot, or some alternative of counterfeit machine, acquired consciousness? What would be the religious cachet of such a acquainted device? Would a acquainted apprentice acquire a soul? Would it be a beastly of God? Could it be adored afterwards death? .

Some may acknowledgment with aggressiveness that such a accessory would abridgement any religious standing, abundant beneath a soul. Alone a beastly can acquire a soul.

The catechism afresh arises as to what appropriate of biological flesh distinguishes us, in the eyes of a absolute deity, from the acquainted automated device.

Would some acknowledgment because flesh possesses a soul? That would be circular, i.e. the acumen a acquainted apparatus would not acquire a physique lies in that it does not acquire a soul. Would some acknowledgment because God fabricated man? That contains some validity, but God didn’t accomplish flesh directly, but rather fabricated an ambiance in which man evolved. If did flesh become beastly abundant to acquire a soul? What makes a acquainted apprentice not beastly abundant to not deserve a soul?

I appropriately activity that the actualization of a acquainted accessory would affectation cogent questions about the attributes and character of the airy ambit of humans.

But one adeptness adverse that acquainted automated accessories will prove impossible, because alertness itself, like a soul, possesses backdrop not reproducible.

That cessation stands accessible to challenge. Aloft contempo history, altruism has baffled abounding complex, at one time unintelligible, accustomed phenomenon. The approach of vitalism already captivated activity itself had bulletproof properties, but we now acquire activity and cure ache through microbiology and biochemistry. We already captivated that age-old gods controlled weather, but we now adumbrate (reasonably) acclimate with meteorology. The apperception already consisted of abstruse spheres, but we now blueprint and appreciate the apperception via abundant instruments and astronomy. The atom already was impenetrable, but we now we blast the atom (with absolute big-ticket machines) and accouter the electron through physics and electronics.

And we acquire able this adeptness of assorted concrete phenomena aural beneath than 5 centuries. Assuming altruism continues to exist, could we not analytic activity that aural approaching decades, or centuries, flesh will adept consciousness. While alertness maintains a abundant mystery, alertness seems no added or beneath of attributes than say the brain, or flight, or vision. Just like assorted active bacilli acquire capricious degrees of those three items, and just like those items acquire afflicted and developed aloft evolutionary time, alertness exists in capricious degrees aloft active organisms, and has afflicted and developed aloft evolutionary time. Consciousness, admitting its accepted mysteriousness, mimics in its actualization aloft breed and development aloft time, added beastly and beastly characteristics that we do understand.

The Apprehension of Added Able Activity – Christian religious article abundantly stands bashful on whether or not, aloft our galaxy, alone flesh acquire intelligence. Such blackout should not astonish us; abundant of Christian religious revelation, scripture and article arose able-bodied afore flesh accustomed added stars as agnate to our sun, and afore flesh had any clue of the achievement of added planets.

But astrochemistry has zoomed ahead. Through its efforts and instruments (for archetype the Kepler amplitude telescope), we acquire calm an astronomic ambit and abyss of all-embracing observations and acquire analyzed and extrapolated from those observations. The conclusion? Our galaxy likely, absolute likely, possesses numerous, as in millions and billions, of Earth-like planets. Planets abound.

Does that announce activity has emerged on those planets? Would the actualization of activity beforehand at times to able life?

We abridgement acceptable data, as of yet, to acknowledgment with any akin of confidence. However, based on what we do know, would the apprehension of life, even able life, abruptness us? Maybe in able decades, but based on the accumulating observations and deepening compassionate we acquire now, astronomers today would acceptable not be.

So the catechism stands as accordant – what would the achievement of added intelligence betoken for religious teachings.

Did God actualize them? Do they (or did they) acquire religion? How do they or did they acquire God? Will we accommodated them aloft salvation? Will they be allotment of the Additional Coming? Accustomed such activity could acquire adapted revelations and beliefs, and adapted cultures and concepts, could apprehension of added able activity activate cogent disruptions of religious dogma?

Actually conversing with added intelligence, if such intelligence exists, may able-bodied angle as impossible, accustomed the light-year distances circuitous and the ablaze acceleration limitation on advice rates. But don’t dismiss, if added able activity exists, our adeptness to apprentice of their culture. Just like archeologists appraise age-old artifacts to apprentice of able cultures, astronomers acquire and will accomplishment an arrangement of techniques, for archetype spectra-analyzing ablaze from abroad atmospheres, to aggravate out the attributes of activity and accessible intelligence on abroad planets.

Human All-encompassing Ascendancy – A decade ago, DNA assay appropriate astronomic allotment and adapted and all-encompassing equipment. The aboriginal beastly genome activity spanned years and appropriate millions of dollars.

Now, National Institute for Health abstracts appearance that by 2013 the amount of basal genome mapping fell to beneath $10 thousand. In the aforementioned year, bartering websites offered sampling of a person’s DNA (for archetype for ancestor matching) for $99. These mapping advances now acquiesce for genomic blight testing, which analyzes the specific gene anatomy of an alone patient’s bump to beforehand a customized biologic therapy.

On this and abounding fronts abiogenetic science has and will abide to advance, rapidly.

Can we attending forward, not now, but in the advancing decades and centuries, to flesh authoritative its own axiological abiogenetic structure? Could flesh at some point use abiogenetic techniques to beforehand its intelligence, or extend its activity span, or accommodate with electro-mechanical augments?

The all-encompassing cipher and basal cellular mechanisms display tremendous, amazing complexity. We adeptness never able the cipher or acquire the mechanisms. But advances acquire progressed rapidly abundant that we might.

If flesh itself can in some approaching aeon actualize a nirvana-on-earth by extending life, what implications abide for the role of religious salvation? If abiogenetic developments acquiesce man to accomplish approaching man, and to ascendancy his own evolution, does that fit God’s plan?

The Relevance of the Long-Term, additional Near-Term Challenges – These three developments – bogus consciousness, apprehension of added carnal intelligence, beastly abiogenetic ascendancy – will emerge, if they do, over the almost long-term, i.e. decades and centuries. Do they bulldoze our absorption now?

We acquire to acknowledgment yes. These three developments acquire accomplished a beginning of acceptable believability that austere scientists and businesses now beforehand ample sums of time, accomplishment and money appear their achievement. So abundant so that we cannot abolish them out-of-hand.

Further, behindhand of any plausibility, these developments affectation accepted “what-if” questions. So, for example, accustomed all that beastly adeptness has conquered, we can acquire that alertness may be accessible for automated devices, and can acquire articular conversations about the implications.

But near-term, here-and-now, we acquire trends that claiming Christian conceptions. Let’s about-face to those.

Near-Term Challenges

The Aggregation of Religious and Accurate Accuracy – Science focuses ultimately on abnormality which can be absolute through observation. Adoration focuses fundamentally on the airy which exists aloft our experience.

So in their archetypal forms science and adoration awning adapted spheres, and can accompany their truths after conflict.

But science, with its connected amplification and reach, now treads into basal questions such as the apperception of life, or the agent of the universe. And religion, in its tenets, believes that the transcendental, the God, has above into and intervened into accomplishment to actualize and dispense our absolute world, to accord acceleration to activity and humanity, and to abetment and save flesh on an advancing and circadian basis.

So while in authentic abstraction science and adoration awning adapted realms, in the data they overlap, and as apostolic and accurate anticipation advance, they will overlap more. And in that overlap, inconsistencies and contradictions acquire arisen. Let’s focus on two arresting questions: by what apparatus does God acknowledge to prayer, and how do and did individuals accomplish miracles?

In both responding to adoration and in assuming miracles, the airy acquire to cantankerous the beginning from the abstruse into the actual. Adoration requests awning abounding and assorted appeals involving carnal action, e.g. healing, safe travel, advantageous off-spring, acknowledged rescue, bright thought, fair play. Miracles analogously awning carnal actions, i.e. water-to-wine, restoral of sight, acquisition of enemies, healing from leprosy, departing of the seas, aliment from heaven, and of advance adopting of the dead.

Now, science explores attributes and accomplishment down to acutely minute dimensions, and in the added acute gathers ablaze from astronomic distances aloft the universe. In accomplishing so, science postulates theories and entities at the Plank dimensions, organizes the apperception in light-year dimensions, and models cellular activities with bags and bags of genes, proteins and metabolites.

So science has dug down and about and out to astronomic base and lengths.

And yet science has not detected any phenomena speaking to or absolute how God influences and intervenes in our world. No mechanisms acquire been baldheaded as to how the celestial crosses over from the abstruse into the actual, to adapt baptize into wine, or to adapt the processes central blight cells, or to brainwash appear truths into the apperception of a astrologer or priest.


Now, God absolutely operates in ambiguous and abstruse ways. But adoration charcoal abundantly bashful on why those agency abide so abstruse that no adumbration of them appears even beneath the acute ascertainment of science. In above-mentioned eras believers could readily acquire of alien forces, but today the empiric composure of science renders that adeptness for God to accomplish in the gaps added confounding.

Maybe as avant-garde as science ascertainment has become, that advance still lacks the appropriate abyss to ascertain God. Maybe God will abide ephemeral aural beastly capabilities. Maybe, likely, science as an absolutely amusing adventure artlessly has not interpreted its observations correctly, i.e. science observations could be reconceived as break of a abstruse intervention.

Many maybes adeptness exist. But as the almanac now stands, science has not detected, observed, baldheaded or contrarily appear aloft any affirmation or apparatus of God’s activity into actuality. Adoration can acquire to abide silent, but the abridgement of affirmation for how a abstruse celestial pierces through into accomplishment will added ache credibility.

Religion must, I would judge, apriorism an explanation. This is not to avert itself, but to break accurate to its mission to bare and represent truths.

The Aggregation of Religious Truths – The religions of the apple differ. That does not beggarly those religions angle in contradiction. If we appraise the spiritual, and the truth, and our existence, we appraise astronomic things. The abomination of those realms acutely agency adapted individuals and groups, analytical into corners of those realms, beforehand adapted formulations and perspectives.

A accepted affinity states that the gnats perched on an albatross would all acquaint adapted descriptions of the elephant, depending on area they were situated.

But abridgement of a bucking does not betoken abridgement of an issue.

The gnats, in our albatross analogy, could change positions, allocution with anniversary added (let’s acquire they can talk), and in added agency accretion added perspective, so that over time anniversary develops the same, connected account of an elephant. Afterwards all, they are analytical the aforementioned elephant.

Most would authority that analogously one accuracy exists about adoration and a deity. Connected with that, religions, including Christianity, strive for all-comprehensive accord and even accessible unity, i.e. at a minimum to get forth and ultimately to accomplish a aggregation of perspectives.

Predestination, Trinity, Christ as God – adapted religions and denominations authority adapted conceptions on these topics, and others. These capacity serve as basal items. Aggregation of religious accuracy will absorb harder plan and admirable (likely divine) guidance, but it is difficult to see how such aggregation could activity after some modification or about-face in absolute conceptions.

The Reasonableness of Avant-garde Naturalism – A analytic alone could analytic acquire a avant-garde naturalistic viewpoint. Such a angle would not actively adios God, but would rather apriorism that on antithesis beastly rationality, adeptness and technology accommodate a sufficient, even superior, base for compassionate existence, for allegorical one’s activity and for convalescent humanity. So God becomes unnecessary.

This alone would see that science has provided, and continues to provide, believable explanations for accustomed and beastly phenomena. Technology has enabled apperception of advantageous machines, and processes, and structures, and devices. Political institutions and governments, anticipation not after abounding missteps, over time acquire confused incrementally appear aegis of abandon and peace. Laws and constitutions similarly, afresh not after abounding missteps, acquire gradually, incrementally, encoded moral attack and concepts of candor and justice. Bread-and-butter systems attempt, with some success, to accommodate for the needs of the citizenry and for advance in accepted bread-and-butter welfare.

In contrast, God, this alone adeptness conclude, in some despair, seems missing. Few miracles occur, or assume to occur; new revelations appear to not be forthcoming; prayers from believers accomplish after-effects randomly; at a claimed level, God’s attendance seems uncertain, and if present, not calmly discernable from accustomed emotions.

This alone would aswell see that naturalistic aesthetics analytic addresses abundant questions. What created existence? Science provides a hypothesis, not unreasonable, that time and amplitude could appear from a singularity, or that our apperception was birthed from a above-mentioned universe. While speculative, the answers from science could be apparent as no added or beneath believable as those of religion. Adoration answers that God created existence, but that tends to advance aback the catechism one akin – in what address did God arise, and does a God that created achievement charge to be the Gods of accepted religions?

Religion adeptness point out that the celebrated almanac of abundant prophets speaks to the achievement of a absolute deity. But religions adapt on the cachet of prophets, including Christ. Believers adeptness point to their abutting acquaintance of the spiritual. But could that abutting acquaintance be added succinctly accepted as a psychological, and appropriately natural, state. Adoration looks to the moral article as critical. But ethical theories can be developed after advertence to a God. And it something moral because God assured it, or does God decree what is moral?

Believers adeptness ask area is acceptation after a deity. But no a above-mentioned acumen exists that declares accomplishment and achievement acquire to accommodate built-in meaning. One can accept that attributes and activity just are.

So the alone does not awning God in their apple view. Such an alone does not alpha out abnegation God, or accepting any accurate bent either way. Rather, such a cerebration alone artlessly seeks an effective, connected and able-bodied paradigm. And in that search, adoration adeptness not become allotment of that paradigm. A conscientious, analytic alone could analytic accomplish a secular, naturalistic angle provides a better, added bunched base for living.

And that poses a claiming to religion. What do they say to the alone to actuate him or her to accept a religious viewpoint? Try harder? Pray? You abridgement faith? The careful alone would acknowledge they did all that, and in the end adopted a civil outlook. The alone approved truth.

Added Questions

The six developments affectation cogent challenges. Can non-human entities acquire a soul? If man controls his genes does flesh become his own salvation? How does the abstruse access the actual? Why does science not acknowledge God’s mechanisms? What conceptions acquire to change to accommodate religions? How can a careful alone acquisition a civil account of accomplishment added acute and parsimonious?

Other challenges aswell appear as corollaries to these questions.

Bodily Awakening – Christians, a allotment of added religions, accept in the awakening of the physique at the final judgment. As about conceived, this acceptance foresees the ascent of beastly abstracts replicating, a lot of acceptable in a able form, the physique of anniversary alone during their life.

That adored bodies are so conceived, i.e., as beastly forms, should not surprise. Until the endure century, and absolutely until the endure few decades, the beastly anatomy stood as the alone article that altruism could brainstorm as possessing beastly alertness and intelligence. Even in depicting the Transfiguration of Christ, artists drew basically a beastly form, just bathed in amazing light, or amphibian aloft the ground, or amidst by angels, halos, lightning or similar.

That conceptual limitation has evaporated. As affected on earlier, we can acquire of able activity absolute on added planets, as robots, or as genetically and/or electro-mechanically added humans. We can acquire of our identities absolute as basal characters in a cyber-space. The cine Avatar depicts beastly alertness and intelligence getting transferred into a adapted absolute form.

Objections to these alternating conceptions arise. For example, one could website that the beastly physique stands as a angelic and advantage athenaeum of the soul. One could point out that fabulous cine images hardly represent a aboveboard antecedent for apostolic discussion. One could attending to appear scripture as a base for cardinal out non-human forms for resurrection.

I judge, however, that the cat is out of the bag. While abounding objections adeptness exist, these objections can not absolutely aphorism out that human-like intelligence and alertness might, on some added world, or in some approaching robot, or in some adapted beastly figure, abide aural a anatomy decidedly adapted from the accepted beastly body. Astronomers account the achievement billions and billions of planets; academician specialists plan circadian to accommodate computers into the brain; apprentice technicians activity intricately to carbon beastly attributes into automated machines.

So if we acceleration from the dead, will we appear aback in our beastly form? Why would we? Why not appear aback as an bigger cyber-robot, or in a basal environment?

Absurd, right? Maybe no added or beneath cool than a apperception that awakening will absorb recombination of alone atoms to reconstitute concrete bodies. And in my abutting reading, a basal awakening does not absorb gross inconsistencies with canon or scripture text. St. Paul, for example, indicates the physique acquire to die like a seed, and be reborn.

On the Endure Day – Just as questions appear on how to acquire of resurrection, the six developments altercate for broader conceptions of “the Endure Day.”

Traditional discussions and images account the Endure Day as just that, an apple day of 24 hours, complete with calamity and destruction. But do we charge to acquire of the Endure Day in those terms.

Consider that we no best accede canicule in Genesis apple days. Apperception in Genesis now represents for many, most, an allegory. The aspect remains, i.e. a Celestial creating accomplishment out of love, but the data of the alone canicule are symbolic, not literal.

With the analysis of added planets, a “day” now becomes indeterminate. Adapted planets acquire adapted circling periods. And at a galactic level, the Milky Way has a “day,” i.e. the aeon appropriate for one circling of the galaxy, of a brace hundred actor apple years.

Within computers, we can set the “day” to any breadth desired. We can apathetic computer alarm cycles so computer canicule agree to apple years, or acceleration them up to simulate millions of years of time in a few apple hours.

Now Christ himself active the appellation “day,” giving weight to adapt the Endure Day as an apple day. If Christ absolutely meant “Last Decade” he could acquire said that. But afresh afresh the appellation “Last Day” represents not alone a aeon of time, but finality. In New Testament times computers did not abide and the abstraction of alternating universes had not emerged (the abstraction of even our home apperception hadn’t emerged). So if the Endure Day involves, hypothetically, our approaching basal computer selves accumulation with our souls from an alternating universe, Christ couldn’t say so in those terms.

Now this academic archetype may (or may not) abridgement validity, but absolutely the absolute endure day could be an accident for which altruism has no accepted concept. So Christ declared it in agreement barefaced in that era. So the biblical use of the appellation day does not assure that the appellation represents a accurate description.

Prospective Conception

The altercation so far presented developments and issues that one could altercate claiming Christian concepts. But so far the altercation has alone hinted at what such revised concepts would be.

So what would be examples of revised conceptions? Absolutely in a altercation like this a case-in-point would prove helpful, and even expected.

Now, rather than accede multiple, alone examples, I would like to activity one above example. So let’s accede a meta-concept, i.e. an over-arching archetype that influences alone ideas. This meta-concept considers the basal “location” of the spiritual.

To set the stage, religious altercation about commendations the airy as absolute “out there,” adapted from our actuality, afar from our concrete time and space. God, and angels, and heaven, and souls, abide in a audible realm, aloof with accustomed beastly means, transcendental. The physique exists in the body, but consists not of atoms, or energy, or space.

But maybe that angle of a analysis amid concrete and airy is misguided. Maybe aggregate is one. A revised meta-concept would accompaniment that no abuttals exists to the spiritual; that the abstruse exists not as an aloof realm.

What does that imply? That implies that God, the spiritual, the transcendental, that branch aloft time and space, do not lie aloft a separation. That which is aloft mankind’s acquaintance lies there alone because altruism has not yet the adeptness to get there. But in accuracy no inherent barrier prevents us from so doing. Flesh in approaching eons, if of able motivation, acceptance and determination, can aggrandize the accomplishment he knows and adeptness the airy not through a sudden, amazing bound through a mystical barrier, but through a constant, focused amplification of beastly intellect, anticipation and development.

Basically, God will not al of a sudden appear to us on a atypical endure day; rather we will appear to God gradually over millennium aloft millennium.

An affinity would be useful. A accepted appearance would account the concrete and airy as two rooms, anniversary with their own room, with a aperture amid them. Flesh can not accessible the aperture through civil means; rather God and acceptance are the keepers of the door. On the endure day, God opens the door, and rewards the affectionate with access to the airy room.

A revised appearance would account man and God not in two afar rooms, but rather on a connected sphere, with no boundaries. Man currently exists on a baby allocation of the sphere, and can not see area the celestial lies artlessly because the celestial resides on the arctic adverse of the sphere. However, over time, man could aggrandize his reach, and access at the added side. But extensive the added ancillary is not assured; flesh needs able activity or will just aberrate about in circles. Extensive the added ancillary becomes not so abundant a accolade from God, but the aftereffect of man’s able actions.

Why is this a meta-concept? The basal accord of the airy and the absolute set the framework for added concepts. Our concepts of grace, souls, salvation, miracles, faith, accomplish and abide as subsidiaries aural that framework, so adapted frameworks adapt the ambit of connected concepts we can acquire about these accessory items.

Journey in Faith

This betrayal has covered questions and challenges to religious conceptions airish by accepted and arising developments. It does not aim not to attenuate religion, or dissuade alone from their convictions. Rather just the adverse is true. As acclaimed before, acceptance involves not alone a belief, but a adventure appear a added and added belief. As altruism and cultural advances, and as flesh assets in concrete and bookish mastery, new perspectives and concepts arise. These accommodate avenues for advancing a adventure appear accuracy and belief.

Globalization: How It Has Affected Philippine Education And Beyond

Education before the 20th century was once treated as a domestic phenomenon and institutions for learning were once treated as local institutions. Prior to the 20th century, education was usually limited within the confines of a country, exclusively meant for the consumption of its local citizens. Scholars or college students did not have to travel miles away from their countries of origin to study and to gain skills which they needed in order to traverse the paths of their chosen careers. Moreover, national borders served as impenetrable walls in the name of sovereignty. Gaining a college degree and the skills entailed with it were merely for the purpose of staunch nationalistic service to one’s land of origin. Furthermore, knowledge of the valleys and the oceans encircling the world map, as well as foreign languages and international political regimes were not much of an imperative. Intercultural exchange was not massive and sophisticated, if not intricate. Acceptance and understanding of cultural diversity were not pressured upon anyone, as well as the lure to participate in a globally interconnected world. In other words, before the 20th century, scholastic work were predominantly simple and constrained in the local, the domestic, the nearby. They were limited to one’s own village, one’s own region, one’s own country. A student had his own neighborhood as the location where he is to be born, to be educated, and later to be of service to – the local village which is his home, his community, his country.

Nevertheless, the world has been in a constant state of flux. In the 20th century onwards, the phenomenon called globalization rose and became the buzzword. Anything which pertained to the term globalization was attributed to modernization, or anything that is up-to-date, if not better. Part and parcel of this trend is the advent and irresistible force of information technology and information boom through the wonders of the Internet. The idea of cosmopolitanism – a sense of all of humanity, regardless of race, creed, gender, and so on, living in a so-called global village – is another primary indicator of globalization. Moreover, international media as well as trade and investment have been unbridled and have occurred in a transnational nature. Finally, globalization has involved the uncontrollable movement of scholars, laborers, and migrants moving from one location to another in search for better employment and living conditions.

Apparently, globalization seemed to be all-encompassing, affecting all areas of human life, and that includes education. One indicator of this is the emergence of international education as a concept. Internationalization of education is manifested by catchphrases like The Global Schoolhouse, All the world’s a classroom, One big campus that is Europe, Think global. Act local, and Go West. Students from the world over have been ostensibly persuaded to learn about the world and to cope with technological advancements, if not to become a Citizen of the World. Moreover, globalization and international education are at play, for instance, when speaking of Singapore being branded as the Knowledge Capital of Asia, demonstrating the city-state as among the world’s academic powerhouses; De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines entering into agreements and external linkages with several universities in the Asian region like Japan’s Waseda University and Taiwan’s Soochow University for partnership and support; the establishment of branch campuses or satellites in Singapore of American and Australian universities like the University of Chicago and the University of New South Wales, respectively; online degree programs being offered to a housewife who is eager to acquire some education despite her being occupied with her motherly duties; students taking semesters or study-abroad programs; and finally the demand to learn English – the lingua franca of the modern academic and business world – by non-traditional speakers, like the Chinese, the Japanese, and the Korean students exerting efforts to learn the language in order to qualify for a place in English-speaking universities and workplaces. Apparently, all of these promote international education, convincing its prospective consumers that in today’s on-going frenzy of competition, a potent force to boost one’s self-investment is to leave their homes, fly to another country, and take up internationally relevant courses. Indeed, globalization and international education have altogether encouraged students to get to know their world better and to get involved with it more.

Boston College’s Center for International Higher Education director and International Education expert Philip Altbach asserted in his article “Perspectives on International Higher Education” that the elements of globalization in higher education are widespread and multifaceted. Clear indicators of globalization trends in higher education that have cross-national implications are the following:

1. Flows of students across borders;
2. International branch and offshore campuses dotting the landscape, especially in developing and middle-income countries;
3. In American colleges and universities, programs aimed at providing an international perspective and cross-cultural skills are highly popular;
4. Mass higher education;
5. A global marketplace for students, faculty, and highly educated personnel; and
6. The global reach of the new ‘Internet-based’ technologies.

Moreover, European Association of International Education expert S. Caspersen supported that internationalization influences the following areas: Curriculum, language training, studies and training abroad, teaching in foreign languages, receiving foreign students, employing foreign staff and guest teachers, providing teaching materials in foreign languages, and provision of international Ph. D. students. Nevertheless, globalization’s objective of a “one-size-fits-all” culture that would ease international transactions has not seemed to be applicable to all the nations of the world. In the words of Nobel Laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz, globalization’s effects are dualistic in nature. Globalization itself is neither good nor bad. It has the power to do enormous good. But in much of the world, globalization has not brought comparable benefits. For many, it seems closer to an unmitigated disaster. In Andrew Green’s 2007 book, “Education and Development in a Global Era: Strategies for ‘Successful Globalisation’”, he asserted that optimists would refer to the rise of East Asian tigers – Japan, China, and South Korea – as globalization’s success stories. But these are just a minority of the world’s two hundred nations. A majority has remained in their developing situations, among these is the Philippines.

In terms of international education being observed in the Philippines, universities have incorporated in their mission and vision the values of molding graduates into globally competitive professionals. Furthermore, Philippine universities have undergone internationalization involving the recruitment of foreign academics and students and collaboration with universities overseas. English training has also been intensified, with the language being used as the medium of instruction aside from the prevailing Filipino vernacular. Finally, Philippine higher education, during the onset of the 21st century, has bolstered the offering of nursing and information technology courses because of the demand of foreign countries for these graduates.

In terms of student mobility, although gaining an international training through studying abroad like in the United States is deemed impressive, if not superior, by most Filipinos, the idea of practicality is overriding for most students. Study-abroad endeavors are not popular among the current generation of students. The typical outlook is that it is not practical to study overseas obviously because of the expenses – tuition fees, living costs, accommodation, and airfare. Although financial aid may be available, they are hugely limited. There may be several universities that offer merit or academic scholarships, talent scholarships, athletic scholarships, teaching assistantships, research assistantships, full or partial tuition fee waivers, but actually there is certainly not a lot of student money. Apparently, international education is understood as a global issue, a global commodity, and above all, a privilege – and therefore, it is not for everyone. Hence, studying in America is a mere option for those who can afford to pay the expenses entailed in studying abroad.

The Philippines is a Third World country which is heavily influenced by developed nations like the United States. Globalization may have affected it positively in some ways, but a huge chunk of its effects has been leaning to the detriment of the Filipinos. Globalization has primarily affected not only the country’s education system but even beyond it – economically and socially. These include brain drain, declining quality in education because of profiteering, labor surplus, vulnerability of its workers overseas, and declining family values.

For one, the Philippines is a migrant-worker country. This phenomenon of sending its laborers (also known as Overseas Filipino Workers or OFWs) abroad to work and to send money back home has been intensified by globalization. Brain drain – or the exodus of talented and skilled citizens of a country transferring to usually developed nations for better employment and living conditions – is one problem that has been stepped up by globalization. The Philippine foreign policy of labor diplomacy began in the 1970s when rising oil prices caused a boom in contract migrant labor in the Middle East. The government of dictator Ferdinand Marcos, from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s, saw an opportunity to export young men left unemployed by the stagnant economy and established a system to regulate and encourage labor outflows. This scenario has led Filipinos to study courses like nursing which would secure them employment overseas rather than in their home country. For more than 25 years, export of temporary labor like nurses, engineers, information technology practitioners, caregivers, entertainers, domestic helpers, factory workers, construction workers, and sailors were sent overseas to be employed. In return, the Philippine economy has benefited through the monetary remittances sent by these OFWs. In the last quarter of 2010, the Philippine economy gained roughly $18.76 billion in remittances which largely came from OFWs based in the United States, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Italy, Germany, and Norway.

Second, the demand for overseas employment by these Filipino professionals has affected the quality of the local education system in the form of fly-by-night, substandard schools which were only aimed at profiteering. A Filipino legislator, Edgardo Angara, once aired his concern over the spread of many schools which offer courses believed to be demanded in foreign countries and the declining quality education. Angara observed that the Philippines has too much access to education versus quality education. For instance, for every five kilometers in this country, there is a nursing school, a computer school, a care-giving school, and a cosmetic school. Angara suggested that lawmakers and educators should find a happy formula for quality education.

Third, labor surplus is another dire effect of globalization. In 2008, the phenomenon of brain drain started to subside in the Philippines. This period was when the United States started to experience a financial turmoil which was contagious, distressing countries around the world which are dependent to its economy. In the Philippines, it has been surmised that the demand for nurses has already died down because the need for them has already been filled. For instance, the United States has decided that instead of outsourcing foreign nurses, they have resorted to employing local hires to mitigate its local problem of rising unemployment. As a result, this incident has receded the phenomenon of a majority of Filipino college students taking up nursing. And the unfortunate result is the labor surplus of nursing graduates. This dilemma which has been caused by a Third World country such as the Philippines trying to cope with globalization’s feature of labor outflows has left Filipinos on a double whammy. Over 287,000 nursing graduates are currently either jobless or employed in jobs other than nursing. Nursing graduates nowadays suffer job mismatch, taking on jobs which are different from their field of specialization like working for call centers, serving as English tutors, if not remaining unemployed because the Philippine hospitals have little to no vacancies at all which are supposed to be occupied by the large number of nursing graduates. Furthermore, these professionals are accepted by hospitals or clinics as volunteers with little to no monetary benefits, or as trainees who are burdened with the policy of forcibly paying the hospitals for their training.

Fourth, a dilemma that globalization has burdened the Philippines is the vulnerability of its overseas workers. For instance, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Taiwan, have had no choice but to lay off and repatriate their Filipino guest workers in light of the global financial crisis. Furthermore, the threat of Saudization is a present concern in the Philippines nowadays. Presently, around 1.4 million OFWs in Saudi Arabia are in danger of losing their jobs because the Arab nation is implementing a Saudization program which will prioritize their Arab citizens for employment. To date, with more than 1.5 million OFWs, Saudi Arabia is the country which has the greatest concentration of OFWs. It is the largest hirer of Filipino Workers and has the largest Filipino population in the Middle East. As Saudi Arabia hosts a majority of OFWs, the problem of these Filipino workers losing their jobs and returning to their homeland where employment opportunities are scarce is a national threat. Furthermore, the current national instability in countries like Syria and Libya has threatened the lives of the OFWs, who still have chosen to stay in their foreign workplaces because of economic reasons which they find weightier vis-à-vis their safety.

Finally, globalization has resulted to social costs which involve challenges to Filipino families. Possessing close family ties, Filipino families sacrifice and allocate significant amounts of financial resources in order to support their kin. Filipino parents have the belief that through education, their children are guaranteed with promising futures and achieving decent lives. Thus, given the limited employment opportunities in the Philippines which are unable to support the needs of the family, one or both parents leave to work outside the country. As a result, Filipino children, although their educational goals and well-being are sustained, would have to survive with one or both parents away from them. They would then have to deal with living with an extended family member such as aunts, uncles or grandparents who are left to take care of them. This has deprived Filipino children of parental support and guidance as they are separated from the primary members of their family.

In reality, even though Filipino families have experienced the monetary benefits of a family member uprooting himself from the country to work overseas, this trend has not been enjoyed by the majority of Filipinos. The poorest of the poor cannot afford to leave and work overseas. Also, with volatile market forces, the value of the US dollar which is used as the currency of OFW salaries vacillating, rising gas prices and toll fees in highways, and the continued surge in the cost of living in the Philippines, in general, globalization has precluded long-term economic growth for the country, with the masses suffering a great deal. Moreover, with human capital and technological know-how important to growth, the Philippines suffered with globalization by losing its professionals to the developed countries which, on the other hand, experienced “brain gain”.

Indeed, globalization has both positive and negative effects, but in the Philippine case, it is more on the negative. It is justified to say that globalization is an “uneven process” and that most least developing countries did not grow significantly in light of globalization. Those which predominantly benefited are the affluent and powerful countries of the Western world and East Asia.

The Philippines was once considered as the “knowledge capital of Asia”, particularly during the 1960s and the 1970s. Its system of higher education was marked by high standards comparable to its neighboring countries, much lower tuition fees, and the predominant use of English as the medium of instruction. The Philippines, consequently, was able to entice students from its neighboring nations, like the Chinese, the Thais, and the Koreans. However, presently, this once upbeat picture has now been replaced by a bleak one because of several problems which has long confronted the system like budget mismanagement, poor quality, and job mismatch, thereby seriously affecting its consumers and end products – the Filipino students. Making matters worse is globalization affecting the graduates of Philippine universities by luring them to choose to work overseas because of the greater monetary benefits vis-à-vis the disadvantage of leaving their families home and not serving their countrymen. Now that the world is undergoing financial turmoil, the Filipino workers would then have to cope with these dire effects of globalization.

Strategies to Transform From a Trainer to a Workforce Educator

Corporate training has tremendous potential to promote learning in organizations. There are two primary elements that are responsible for how much potential is realized within the corporate training classroom, and those elements are the materials provided and the method of delivery. An instructional designer, or someone in a similar role, can develop engaging materials but if the delivery is not well executed, the training will not be as effective as it could. In contrast, if the training materials have not been designed in the most engaging manner, or the material is technical in nature, it is the trainer who can still create positive classroom conditions that are conducive to learning.

There are two types of trainers that can be found within organizations that choose to invest in learning and development. The first is a trainer who adequately delivers the required training materials and meets the minimum requirements for their role. The other type is a trainer who has evolved into someone who has a much greater impact on the learning process within a training classroom, a trainer who has transformed into a workforce educator. While it may seem that both are performing the same function, and to some degree they are because they work with the same materials, one disseminates information and the other brings the class to life and connects the information to participants in a meaningful manner. Becoming a workforce educator does not happen automatically and requires making a conscious decision as a trainer to improve upon existing skills, acquire additional knowledge, and develop new instructional strategies.

The Work of a Corporate Trainer

In general, a corporate trainer will view training from an outcome-based, task-oriented perspective. Participants are required to attend assigned classes and their willing compliance is expected. The role of a trainer involves preparing to instruct participants for what they are expected to learn or complete by the end of the class, whether it involves acquiring new knowledge or developing new skills. They also understand that the primary responsibilities for their role include providing materials, giving instructions, showing processes and procedures, and answering questions. A trainer knows that the learning objectives or outcomes, whether or not they have been directly involved in developing them, determine what must be accomplished and the final results at the end of the class are somewhat within their control since they demand involvement but they cannot force participants to learn.

Of course there are certainly exceptions to this general rule and there are trainers who have taken workshops and classes to advance their knowledge of corporate training methodologies and processes; however, someone who holds a task-centered view of learning still fits within the typical definition of a corporate trainer. Professional development is available through a variety of resources, which includes professional associations devoted to this field. However, professional development requires more than a membership to an organization or group, it must also involve a genuine interest in the growth of the trainer’s own skills. It is easy to believe that if classroom observations and/or performance reviews are adequate, and students respond in a mostly favorable manner to the training instruction, that no further learning and development is needed. That belief only sustains a trainer’s current role and mindset, which can limit their future potential.

Corporate trainers may also be called facilitators or instructors. The words instructor and trainer are generally thought to have the same meaning and they are used interchangeably. Some organizations refer to their trainers as facilitators as it suggests that a trainer is guiding the class rather than leading the process of learning. While that is certainly possible, taking this type of approach still requires advanced instructional experience and strategies, which would change the role of the trainer beyond someone who delivers materials and expects that participants will comply with their instructions. Unless a trainer has acquired advanced knowledge of adult learning and pursued their own professional development, what they are usually most skilled at is the art of corporate training.

What it Means to Be a Workforce Educator

The word facilitator is really not enough to adequately describe a trainer who has transformed from someone who delivers information to someone who educates. A corporate classroom is still going to be instructor-driven, given the nature of how most training occurs, which means the instructor is going to do something more than facilitate a process. Unless students are given the materials in advance, allowed to prepare for discussions before the class begins, and given an opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned through written projects, a trainer is going to do more than guide the participants – they are still going to lead and direct the class. However, what can change the process of corporate training is a trainer who has purposefully transformed and become a workforce educator.

An educator is someone who has developed a different view of how employees as participants are involved in the learning process. In addition, an educator understands that learning begins within the mind of the participants, not with the materials they need to deliver. They are not going to just give participants information that must be assimilated – they understand the basic process of adult learning and through knowing some of the most important adult education principles they will help students learn, apply, and retain new knowledge. A workforce educator will develop instructional strategies that are learner or employee focused, and they will partner with the instructional designer or person who is involved in curriculum development to make certain that all learning activities support the participants’ overall progress and development.

There is another important distinction made between a corporate trainer and a workforce educator. A corporate trainer believes they know enough and are well-equipped to train employees. In contrast, an educator is someone who is focused on their own professional self-development. Regardless of whether a trainer was hired because of their experience rather than their academic accomplishments, they possess a genuine interest in learning how to educate adults. They continue to learn from classes and workshops they attend, they read materials and resources that further the development of their own knowledge base, and they use self-reflection after each class to assess the effectiveness of their instructional strategies. It is possible to be a natural educator without having an advanced degree in adult education because what matters most is the pursuit of some form of ongoing professional development, along with a willingness to continue to learn and adapt for the benefit of the employees as students.

Strategies to Transform from a Trainer to an Educator

The most important characteristics needed to make the transformation from trainer to educator is a mindset that is focused on teaching rather than telling participants what they need to learn, along with an attitude of ongoing development and a willingness to learn. An educator is someone who views themselves as a lifelong learner, even if they have not acquired advanced education. There are many resources available now for educators, especially online, which will anyone to acquire the knowledge necessary to improve their craft. But if someone believes they have already learned enough or know enough about learning, that thinking is going to cause them to get stuck and their developmental capacity becomes limited over time.

Once a trainer has decided they want acquire additional knowledge about adult learning, they can begin to conduct research and read about some of the most important adult education theories. This is going to serve as a pivotal turning point in an educator’s career, becoming well-informed about the process of learning as an adult. One theory that can inform the work of an educator is andragogy, which is about the process of teaching adults who already have experience and knowledge that shapes how they are involved as students or participants. Additional topics and theories that are important to research include cognition, learning styles, critical thinking, transformative learning, student motivation and engagement, multiple intelligences, constructivism, academic skills and academic preparedness, and self-directed learning. There are numerous online websites and blogs devoted to adult education, along with articles about adult learning that can be found online or in print through an online library database.

Ongoing professional development can continue by connecting with other professionals, and LinkedIn is a helpful place to begin searching as there are numerous groups and associations that can be found through this professional networking website resource. As a member of a LinkedIn group it is possible to become involved in discussions and share resources with like-minded professionals who have similar interests in adult learning. Another helpful social networking website that can be used for sharing resources with educators worldwide is Twitter. Your ability to connect with the right audience will depend upon the manner in which you establish your profile and indicate what your professional interests are. The purpose of being involved in ongoing research and connecting with other educators is to inform your work and help you develop instructional strategies that are effective in creating conditions in the classroom where learning can occur. The more you transform and improve your instructional style, the better outcomes your students are likely to experience as a result of attending your corporate training classes.

Corporate Training is Necessary, Workforce Education is Developmental

Corporate training will always be necessary for any organization that needs to provide skill set training or relevant job-related knowledge. There are many individuals who have made a successful career from their work as a trainer, skillfully delivering information in a manner that reduces employee resistance to the training process. Those same individuals may believe that they offer the best possible classroom experience and no further training is required, and they may well be correct. However, everyone who is involved in corporate training has an ability to become more than a trainer, regardless of whether they provide technical training, soft skills training, or other developmental forms of training. Workforce education changes the perspective of a trainer and focuses on the potential of every employee. An educator can help employees obtain the maximum possible benefit from the training classes, while helping them transfer what was learned in the class to their job. This brings out the best in the trainers and the participants as employees, as both experience the transformative nature of learning and being fully engaged in the process. The result of a trainer becoming a workforce educator is that they will likely be more effective in their role, which means that employees (as participants) will gain more from the learning process while improving their retention of knowledge and engagement at work.

Making Online Education Attractive

All over the world, the numbers of people in school at the different levels takes pyramidal shape. There are huge numbers at the elementary, but as they progress, the numbers decrease, leaving just a few in higher education. In the United States, some 65 million students were expected to enroll from K to K12 in the fall of 2015. In the same period, it was expected that 20.2 million would be attending Colleges and Universities. It is estimated that 25% of fresh high school students in the U.S.A are not able to graduate. For fresh students who enter colleges or universities 1 out of 3 are likely not make it to second year. This dropout out rate hinders national development, because many people do not receive the full training they need to be functional in society. National development would be hugely fostered, if more adults receive education, in order that they become functional in society.

I am not saying that all adults who were not fully educated are not playing important roles in society. There are very prominent individuals in society who dropped out of school at some level. Bill Gate, Mark Zuckerberg, Oprah Winfrey, for example, at some point dropped out of school. Though this list is not exhaustive, the number of people who dropped out of school or decided not to gain higher education and yet became successful are relatively few. For the majority who dropped out or discontinued education, and could not become successful in their careers, it was because they lacked the knowledge they needed to develop their potential. If you check the history of those who in spite of dropping out or discontinuing schooling have become successful, you would find that appeared to have found their life’s purpose and so pursued those goals and, more importantly, they received some kind of education later.

Education as we all know is a life-long activity. At any point in time, whether you dropped out of school or got honors at your graduation, you would need education. The school dropout who has found himself a vocation or gained employment needs education so he/she can be more productive, the dropout who has realized the need to school but has ‘grown past school going age’ and desires to school obviously needs education, managers as well as employees need further education in order to keep pace with today’s rapidly changing world and gain increased wages and status respectively. Somehow, the traditional education dependent society we have created for ourselves and considers the ‘best’, limits our quest for continuing education. For many people, formal education ended the day they dropped out or graduated from High School, College or University, even though, technology makes it possible for us to sit in our houses and still get quality education.

When technology – computers and internet connectivity – replaced physical classrooms and made it possible to study by distance in real time, it appeared the issue of continuous education for everyone, including the dropout and the working class have been solved. It appeared, and still does, that now the teacher need not leave his students, apply for study-leave or leave of absence to pursue further education. It appeared the fifty-year-old woman who dropped out of school several years ago could now school from home and it appeared the father could learn what his daughter is learning at College using the same device he uses to call her. That is what it appeared. Those who dropped out of school due to issues of finance and have not since had a breakthrough would not benefit, and those who have the money would not want to put their money into a certificate employers and academicians alike would frown upon. So little appear to have changed for these two groups of people, though online Colleges and Universities abound.

Two prime issues are to blame. First, online education is too expensive for the target group of learners and second, there is the perception that online Colleges and Universities do not provide holistic education like the traditional Colleges and Universities. As indicated by Ed Vosganian – founder and CEO of College Funding 123, the cost of on-campus University for undergraduate is estimated at 42,000 dollars while for the same group it cost around 21,000 dollars for online universities. By comparison we would say that it cost far less to study via online. But we need not lose sight of those who mostly enroll in online University. It is those in the middle and lower classes who opt for online universities. They include; the employee who has sacrificed pleasure for higher qualification in return for better wages, the unemployed who wants to gain employable skills, the dropout who wants to get back to school in the hope that there will be a brighter future, and the people living in the remote part of the world, especially in the developing world, who don’t even have the money to pay fees and so would have to learn and work simultaneously. To these 21,000 dollars is money so huge, it is very difficult to raise. There are people of the higher income class who enroll in online universities, but online learning is not popular among these due to low prestige and the myths associated with online education. The online institutions will tell you, they would not put anything on your certificate to show that you received a non-traditional education. This kind of advert speaks of how society values online education. Online education is considered a cheap way of getting ‘watered down’ education. Online Colleges and Universities were until recently considered diploma mills. This perception still exists, though empirical evidence tells us there is no disparity in quality of students from traditional Colleges and Universities on one hand and online Colleges and Universities on the other. The online Universities and Colleges are doing their best to make online learning prestigious and bring down study cost, but they cannot do it alone. With government intervention online learning can become prestigious and lower and middle class friendly.

Government should provide a national framework for online education, subsidize accreditation, and grant scholarships and student loans for students in online Colleges and Universities. A national framework to guide the operations of all online colleges and universities should be instituted by the state, through the Department of Education or the relevant government agency. This framework, which would be descriptive and not prescriptive in nature would describe, for example, the minimum courses to be taken at a given level, and the general mode of operation of online universities and colleges without prescribing specific courses or mode of operation. Accreditation is not just laborious for online Colleges and Universities; it is also expensive. This cost is passed to students, souring up program fees. If the government decides to absorb half the cost of accreditation, though there is no guarantee the program fees will be halved, the program fee would be reduced somehow. Lastly, most of the students who opt for online colleges and universities do not receive scholarships and student loans from the state. Those who receive something do not get huge scholarships and student loans like their counterparts in traditional Colleges and Universities. Government should make scholarships and students loans available to students of online Colleges and Universities just as it does for students in traditional Colleges and Universities.

The ramifications of these interventions would definitely be awesome. Providing a national framework for online education would take away the false negative perception people have about online learning. Many think online learning is easy and also the number of credits taken are far less than those taken in traditional learning settings. This thinking exists because there are some poorly designed online courses in which certificate are awarded after just a couple of assignments have been submitted. Such practices can be stopped, when a national framework is developed and operationalized. A national framework will give credibility to online learning, because a national standard for online would have to be adhered to and so no online college or university can just sell certificate. Subsidizing Accreditation will yield three results. The most obvious is that, it would reduce program fees because amount to pass to the students would be less. Subsidizing accreditation fees would encourage online Colleges and Universities to seek accreditation from accrediting bodies recognize by the Department of Education or the appropriate state agency. Even though accreditation is not compulsory in some parts of the world, like the united states, some occupation that require state licensing would not accept degree from non-accredited Colleges and University. Prospective online learners are, usually, worried about whether the can easily work with their certificates. Government intervention would remove this worry and remove the negative perception people have about online education as well. Government interventions in the form of scholarship and loans would ease the financial burden and make it possible for those who hitherto would not be able to school to do so. In sum, government intervention would go a long way to produce an enlightened society by permitting many people to receive higher education.

There are many people wanting to get higher education through online Colleges and Universities so they gain knowledge and skills, or enhance their knowledge and skills but cannot do because of either the cost or the uncertainty of the acceptability of the certificate. Government intervention in the form of national framework for online universities and colleges, subsidizing accreditation cost and providing scholarships and student loans would open the door for those who want to study from home. Government intervention can give the assurance that online learning is as good as traditional college or university learning, and that their certificate would be accepted jobs that require state licensing. It would ease the pressure on facilities in traditional Colleges and Universities, produce the well-educated citizenry needed for national development and convert the current pyramidal shape into a ‘near’ cylinder.